The knee is one of the most important joints in our body, supporting a large part of our weight and providing the necessary cushioning when we perform physical activities such as walking, running, jumping, etc. Taking care of them properly is very important because conditions such as being overweight, constant impact or a strong blow could cause injuries that end up impairing our mobility.
Much of the effectiveness of our knees as shock absorbers lies in their mechanism, made up of 3 bones and 2 fibro cartilaginous discs that allow us to perform rotations, push ourselves or run with less impact. Do you know what the knee bone is called? If you want to discover it, keep reading, because in this article we explain it to you in detail.
The bones of the knee are 3
By definition, a joint is the union of two or more bones, therefore and because the knee is a joint, it is not made up of a single bone but of 3.
The bones that make it up are:
- The femur, located in the most distant area with respect to the knee, is the bone found in our thighs, the longest and strongest in our body.
- The tibia, located in the area closest to the knee, corresponds to the lower end of our legs.
- Patella: it is a small short bone located in the anterior part of the knee, articulating with the femur.
The main bones that make up the knee are the femur and the tibia, while the patella is a kind of pulley in which the terminal of the quadriceps femora’s tendon is inserted. Despite being a small bone, it is what allows us to perform activities such as running, jumping, walking, among others.
Keys to take care of our knees
Because the knees are the largest joints in the body and the ones that bear the most weight, they tend to suffer significant stress both at the time of physical activity and in our day-to-day lives. To avoid any knee injury that could affect your mobility and compromise physical activity, it is important to take into account some suggestions, so we recommend:
- Maintain a healthy weight. Remember that the knees are responsible for supporting the weight of our body and when it is excessive, these joints end up suffering and injuring themselves.
- Get regular physical activity to strengthen the muscles around your knees and thus reduce the chance of injury. Exercises such as walking, swimming, cycling or doing resistance activities are highly recommended.
- Always warm up before exercising, especially if it involves a lot of work on the knees. Warming up the muscles is essential to guarantee a good response of our body to physical activity.
- Use good shoes that are comfortable, anatomical and that cushion your steps well. This will lessen the strain on your knees when walking or doing physical activity.
- Take care of the intensity with which you exercise and avoid sudden changes in speed or posture, which could cause injuries in the area.
- Remember that if you are not at your weight, it is not recommended to practice impact activities such as running, jumping, playing soccer or tennis. This could negatively affect your joints causing injuries not only to your knees but also to your ankles and feet.