The estrogen is the female hormone that regulates sexual function of women but additionally also influences other physical processes such as metabolism or bone health. During menstruation there is a significant drop in estrogen production and, therefore, women experience the typical symptoms of menopause. To understand this process, here we tell you what estrogens are for and so you can understand how it influences the human body.
What are estrogens
They are known as ” the female hormone ” although men also produce it but at much lower levels. It directly affects the sexual reproductive system of women since it is the hormone that regulates menstruation and that allows the human species to procreate. From the time of puberty is when women begin to create estrogen in large quantities and this period will last until the arrival of menopause, that is to say at 45 or 50 years, approximately.
The main producers of female estrogens are the ovaries, but they are not the only ones since the adrenal glands also produce them, although in lower quantities. During pregnancy, the womb will also generate these hormones in order to create the embryo and keep both mother and child in good health.
Although its main function is that which has to do with female sexual processes, estrogens are also responsible for regulating other physical conditions; For this reason, when there is an imbalance of this hormone, conditions or diseases related to this imbalance can occur.
The sexual function of estrogens
We have already indicated that one of the main function of estrogens is that of a sexual nature since it is the hormone that is responsible for regulating different states that have to do with the woman’s cycle. Thus, estrogen is used to:
- Regulate menstruation: every 28 days, women begin their menstrual cycle and the ovaries release these hormones that are directly affected by the woman’s body.
- Create the sexual characteristics of women: estrogen is responsible for endowing women with their physical condition such as breast development, the appearance of pubic hair, high-pitched voice, and so on.
- Prepares the uterus for the fetus: without estrogen there would be no possibility of procreation since this hormone is responsible for molding the area of the uterus so that, in the event that the ovum is fertilized, it can nest into an embryo.
- Increases libido: it is also the one that ensures that women have sexual desire, for this reason, in the moment before ovulation, girls tend to have the highest libido because there is a peak of estrogen production that shoots up to be able to procreate.
Other functions of estrogen
But not only do they affect the sexual cycle of women, but estrogens also fulfil other functions in the body such as the following:
- They regulate calcium: this hormone is responsible for keeping the mineral at good levels in order to achieve good bone health.
- It metabolizes fats: it is also responsible for assimilating and metabolizing fats so that our body uses them as energy, thus avoiding excess saturated fat. In addition to this, it also deals with distributing fat, which is why women tend to have more in the hips and breasts.
- They regulate the level of cholesterol: it manages to keep cholesterol in the blood in balance thanks to the metabolization of fats.
- Balance emotions: mood is also affected by these hormones, which when unbalanced can cause irritability, depression or extreme joy.
The lack of estrogens is the most common condition that women suffer, especially at the time of menopause because the eggs are the main responsible for producing this hormone. However, a drop in estrogen can also occur in other conditions, such as, for example, in people with anorexia, poor nutrition, women who have just given birth or people who overindulge in physical exercise.
When you have low estrogens, you can have problems such as the following:
- Cardiovascular diseases (especially arteriosclerosis)
- Urinary infections
- Hot flushes
- Low libido
- Vaginal dryness and irritation
- Humor changes
- Weight gain
Here we tell you what the symptoms of a lack of estrogen are. However, it can also happen just the opposite, that our body produces too much estrogen and, therefore, we also have some imbalances in the body and, then, we have to lower estrogens. The reason is that with a high production of the hormone, we can run the risk of suddenly gaining weight, developing bone diseases and, even, the risk of suffering from cancer is increased.
Therefore, any type of imbalance in the production of the female hormone can lead to a complicated health condition that is best treated as soon as possible. Here we recommend that if you have any questions, you should consult a doctor.